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Immediate treatment will prevent long-term problems, restore health to the gums, and will look good aesthetically. In approximately one hour our clinic’s expert gum disease specialist, utilising the latest laser-assisted treatment, will restore gum health, and remove any discomfort. The treatment is pain free and will ensure that the gum disease is eradicated.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues that support gums and teeth. Periodontal diseases are responsible for 70% of tooth loss in adults. Such diseases can be successfully and easily treated when diagnosed early.
The maintenance of natural teeth, easier chewing and better digestion are the benefits of prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases.
Gingivitis is the early warning sign of periodontal disease. The gums will bleed, look red, and over time, will become worse. Although this may not cause discomfort in the early period, if not treated, the disease may progress to periodontitis, and result in irreversible damage to the alveolar bone that supports teeth and gums.
Periodontitis is a more progressed phase of periodontal disease. The alveolar bone, together with other tissues that support teeth, is damaged. A “periodontal pocket” of localized infection develops between the tooth and gum. The tooth becomes loose as the disease progresses, and may even lead to extraction.
Periodontal diseases not treated in a timely manner may lead to loss of teeth and the development of several systemic diseases. Visiting your dentist regularly and removing bacterial dental plaque with daily oral care routines (brushing teeth and using dental floss) is crucial to maintaining dental health.
Causes of Periodontal Diseases
- Smoking: Smoking is one of the factors that accelerates the progress and development of periodontal diseases.
- Hormonal Changes: Women are more predisposed to gingival bleeding, dental sensitivity and gingival diseases. Especially when hormonal changes occur, such as reaching puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. Periodic visits to the dentist, and preventive treatment will arrest the tendency.
- Malnutrition and Irregular Eating Habits:Poor diet and irregular eating habits reduce the body’s resistance to disease, this invites gingival bleeding and periodontal diseases.
- Medication: Oral contraceptives, antidepressants and a number of heart medications may adversely affect oral and dental health, increase sensitivity, and cause damage to the gums. Alert your dentist if you are taking drugs of this nature.
- Stress: Stress impairs the body’s resistance to disease, and is a significant risk factor for periodontal diseases.
- Teeth grinding (bruxism):The grinding and clenching of teeth cause damage to the tissues supporting teeth and accelerates tissue destruction.
- Diabetes mellitus:Diabetic patients are predisposed to the development of infections such as periodontal diseases, accelerating the progress of existing gingival disease.
- Other systemic diseases:Anything that disturbs the body’s resistance to disease can also affect the condition of the gums. A number of diseases, such as cardiac diseases, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, renal disease, AIDS, and tuberculosis may directly lead to gingival bleeding and periodontal diseases
What are The Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease may progress without symptoms, so it is critically important to visit your dentist regularly.
Treatment of Periodontal Diseases
- Medication prescribed by the dentist should be used after scaling and curettage.
- If the disease has progressed severely, periodontal surgical procedures (gingival surgery) should be performed. Surgical procedures may be required to prevent recurrence of, and protect, against the disease in cases of dental recession and bone loss.
- Surgical and clinical treatments may be performed using conventional methods, however, the dental laser may be used in some cases if deemed appropriate and recommended by the dentist. Laser therapy has been widely and successfully used for gingival diseases in recent years.